A critical constraint for these enterprises and poor forest households in accessing credit is often the lack of fixed assets and collateral. This initiative requires trust and social capital networks in order to work, so often these ROSCAs include people who know each other and have reciprocity.
Although the amounts are often small, in many cases they constitute the main source of disposable income for the poor families of the migrants, and can therefore be fundamental for rural households.
Microfinance helps rural households to plan and manage consumption and investments, cope with risks and improve their living conditions, health and education by smoothing household cash flow and increasing disposable family income.
Microfinance programmes also need to be based on local funds.
Up to 15 to 20 percent of the value of remittances can be lost in transfer because of the high financial and transaction costs. When social cohesion is weak, groups are not homogeneous and peer screening and monitoring are inadequate, putting the group's repayment at risk.
It needs to be completely demolished here too. The author of this article goes along with this understanding. Interest is capped when the amount equals the outstanding capital; a situation which arises very frequently in the high interest environment of microfinance. Most microfinance institutions require potential borrowers to save before applying for a loan in order to demonstrate their intention to develop a long-term banking relationship.
But the discussion above did make me think a bit. Due to its characteristics, leasing is particularly suitable for small enterprises engaged in wood and non-wood products processing, intending to finance the purchase of equipment.