Cons for juvenile death penalty

In the fall ofhowever, Iran's judiciary began drafting a bill that will raise the minimum age for death sentences from fifteen to eighteen. Development is not completed until somewhere between 18 and 22 years of age. For them, these juveniles should be helped and guided and a death sentence is not the answer.

juveniles and the death penalty pdf

People under age 18 may not vote, serve in the military without parental permissionserve on juries, make medical decisions, enter into contracts, marry without parental permissionleave home without parental permissionbuy cigarettes, or drink alcohol.

Only seven states - Missouri, Texas, Virginia, Georgia, Oklahoma, South Carolina, and Louisiana - have actually executed a juvenile offender sincealthough 19 states still have a juvenile death penalty on the books.

What was the standard for the death penalty for juveniles in tennessee

But those who oppose trying juveniles in an adult court argue that it does not benefit the suspect or the society, if they are punished the same way as adults. These findings confirm that adolescents generally have a greater tendency towards impulsivity, making unsound judgments or reasoning, and are less aware of the consequences of their actions. Some experts say that at the age of 17, the brain of a juvenile is not fully developed that it cannot really discern what is morally right or wrong and a punishment of death penalty is not the answer. The Supreme Court is currently set to rule on the constitutionality of the juvenile death penalty. If they are convicted as juveniles, they would gain freedom from the system at age What other countries do concerning executing juveniles should not be relevant to the court's consideration of what the United States Constitution demands. In deciding to strike down the death penalty for mentally retarded offenders, the court considered a wide range of information, all of which tilted in favor of ending the practice. Updated December 19, In , he U. Only seven states - Missouri, Texas, Virginia, Georgia, Oklahoma, South Carolina, and Louisiana - have actually executed a juvenile offender since , although 19 states still have a juvenile death penalty on the books.

Sinceonly five countries have reportedly executed juvenile offenders: Congo, Iran, Pakistan, China, and the United States. On the contrary, juveniles can be prosecuted and convicted in adult court and sentenced to lengthy sentences, including life without parole.

Even when a minor shows no remorse for the crime committed, the court still has the tendency to exercise leniency.

Whereas in a juvenile court, offenders are given curfews, put under house arrest or sent to counseling.

Juvenile death penalty articles

For advocates of death penalty for young criminals who commit serious crimes, it is but right for the reinstatement of capital punishment to serve as deterrence for potential offenders. For them, these juveniles should be helped and guided and a death sentence is not the answer. If these offenders will be tried as adults and punished to the full extent of the law, they would probably think twice about committing a crime or violating the law. The issues of executing mentally retarded people and juvenile offenders are practically mirror images of one another. In light of this new research, and based on legal precedence, it is hard to imagine that the Supreme Court could do anything but uphold the Missouri decision. Studies by the Harvard Medical School, the National Institute of Mental Health and the UCLA's Department of Neuroscience finds that the frontal and pre-frontal lobes of the brain, which regulate impulse control and judgment, are not fully developed in adolescents. These findings confirm that adolescents generally have a greater tendency towards impulsivity, making unsound judgments or reasoning, and are less aware of the consequences of their actions. What other countries do concerning executing juveniles should not be relevant to the court's consideration of what the United States Constitution demands. Morally Wrong. Given their emotional immaturity and lessened culpability, they are not among the ""worst of the worst. There is even a high probability that they would come out of prison a hardened criminal. Taking a life is murder regardless of the age of the offender, and the penalties to be imposed must not discriminate. They are also more likely to be taken advantage of during the investigation of a criminal case.

The problem with these punishments, however, is that they effectively take away a valuable lesson that a juvenile is supposed to learn while serving the terms of his sentence. Juries should determine the culpability of juveniles on a case-by-case basis, on the nature of the crime and the maturity level of the individual juvenile.

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Pros and Cons of Death Penalty for Juveniles