Appeasement in the 1930s
From the standpoint of domestic policy, there was no alternative to Chamberlain's course. Taylor said that appeasement ought to be seen as a rational response to an unpredictable leader, appropriate to the time both diplomatically and politically.
Appeasement in the 1930s
Looking the Other Way As a former chancellor of the exchequer, Chamberlain was also keenly aware that the weary empire was stretched too thin, facing, as it did, challenges from Italy in the Mediterranean, from Japan in the Far East, and from Germany and the Stalinist Soviet Union in continental Europe. Taylor argued that Hitler did not have a blueprint for war and was behaving much as any other German leader might have done. Czechoslovakia had been created under Versailles , and included a large German minority mostly living in the Sudetenland on the border with Germany. Czechoslovakia was not to be a party to these talks, nor was the Soviet Union. His officers had orders to withdraw if they met French resistance. Six months later, in September , Germany invaded Poland and Britain was at war. Chamberlain was confident that he had secured 'peace for our time'.
The constitutions of both the Weimar Republic and the First Austrian Republic included the aim of unification, which was supported by democratic parties. Britain and France declared war on Germany on 3 Septembertwo days after the German invasion of Poland.
The League of Nations was intended to resolve international disputes peacefully. Insurance companies in London were no longer issuing policies with coverage against war damage. In December there was a clash between Italian and Abyssinian troops at Walwal , near the border between British and Italian Somaliland, in which Italian troops took possession of the disputed territory and in which Abyssinians and 50 Italians were killed. Chamberlain, faced with the prospect of a German invasion, flew to Berchtesgaden on 15 September to negotiate directly with Hitler. Chamberlain pursued a policy of appeasement and rearmament. The Western view is that they were pressured in order to save Czechoslovakia from total annihilation. France consulted Britain and lodged protests with the League, but took no action. Related Content. Two years later, in March , he annexed Austria. Hitler then altered his criteria, demanding all the Sudetenland. As a result, in the summer of all eyes were on Prime Minister Chamberlain who, despite his 69 years, was inexperienced when it came to foreign policy. Eighteen months later, they would take the final step into World War II. The appeasers were later accused of have lost their moral compass.
The BBC also suppressed the fact that 15, people protested the prime minister in Trafalgar Square as he returned from Munich in 10, more than welcomed him at 10 Downing St. Most closely associated with British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, it is now widely discredited as a policy of weakness.
Czechoslovakia was told that if it did not submit, it would stand alone. For this reason, the premier was willing to give the Germans free rein in dealing with the Sudeten "problem.
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