An overview of the cuban missile crisis after the world war two

Cuban missile crisis significance

In doing so, this article will demonstrate that multiple shortcomings and gaps exist within the field that offer a promising future for potential research. In order to be well-versed in the intricate nature of the Cold War, modern historians are faced with the daunting task of learning numerous languages due to the worldwide implications of the conflict. It also may have helped mitigate negative world opinion regarding the failed Bay of Pigs invasion. Such missiles could hit much of the eastern United States within a few minutes if launched from Cuba. Where did this conflict take place on the world stage? The Kennedy administration had been publicly embarrassed by the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion in May , which had been launched under President John F. After the transmission of nuclear missiles, Khrushchev had finally established Mutually assured destruction meaning that if America decided to launch a nuclear strike against the USSR, the latter would react by launching a retaliatory nuclear strike against America. All the measures were meant to conceal the program from both internal and external audiences. Kennedy was skeptical: They, no more than we, can let these things go by without doing something. In fact, another legacy of the crisis was that it convinced the Soviets to increase their investment in an arsenal of intercontinental ballistic missiles capable of reaching the U. New Haven: Yale University Press, Although he provided no direct reports of the Soviet missile deployments to Cuba, technical and doctrinal details of Soviet missile regiments that had been provided by Penkovsky in the months and years prior to the Crisis helped NPIC analysts correctly identify the missiles on U-2 imagery. From the very beginning, the Soviets' operation entailed elaborate denial and deception , known as " maskirovka ".

Inhistorians Campbell Craig and Sergey Radchenko observed that the origins of the Cold War can be traced to the end of WWII with the detonation of atomic bombs over both Hiroshima and Nagasaki; an event that helped channel the tensions of the era into an aggressive arms race between the United States and Soviet Union in the postwar years that followed Craig and Radchenko, ix-x.

Nine days later, a Taiwanese -operated U-2 [39] [40] was lost over western China to an SA-2 surface-to-air missile. Why is this the case?

An overview of the cuban missile crisis after the world war two

The crisis had reached a virtual stalemate. Meanwhile, U. The Kennedy administration had been publicly embarrassed by the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion in May , which had been launched under President John F. Khrushchev made West Berlin the central battlefield of the Cold War. CIA director John A. It was a long, emotional message that raised the specter of nuclear holocaust, and presented a proposed resolution that remarkably resembled what Scali reported earlier that day. Reservations about the plan continued to be voiced as late as the October 21, the paramount concern being that once the blockade was put into effect, the Soviets would rush to complete some of the missiles.

During the crisis, the Americans and Soviets had exchanged letters and other communications, and on October 26, Khrushchev sent a message to Kennedy in which he offered to remove the Cuban missiles in exchange for a promise by U.

Meanwhile, U. The following day, the Soviet leader sent a letter proposing that the USSR would dismantle its missiles in Cuba if the Americans removed their missile installations in Turkey. From that launch point, they were capable of quickly reaching targets in the eastern U. The letter was the first in a series of direct and indirect communications between the White House and the Kremlin throughout the remainder of the crisis.

what was the outcome of the cuban missile crisis

Speaking to Soviet officials in the aftermath of the crisis, Khrushchev asserted, "I know for certain that Kennedy doesn't have a strong background, nor, generally speaking, does he have the courage to stand up to a serious challenge.

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Cuban Missile Crisis